Every person consumes approximately 4 liters of pesticides a year. 400 chemical residues remain on our body. More than 3,000 chemical additives are collected in the food we eat. If you are curious to know what they do to your body, just keep reading. All these chemicals, according to researchers can "cloud" the mind, trick the senses, also cause or contribute to a wide range of diseases such as cancer, tumors and damage to the nervous system thus reducing the immune system. It is a matter of vital importance to all those who today want to think and reason clearly and to lead a healthy life substantially.
“The effect of products treated with chemicals is not as fast as a firing bullet, but the result is the same. They have an accumulative effect on our bodies. Fewer people now die of age. They die either of tumor or of cardiovascular disease”, says for AgroWeb, the Italian researcher Sebastiano Rao.
In Albania there is no clear data, about the amount of pesticides it is used in Agriculture. According to Rao, it is estimated to be used 60.000 tons of chemical products in Albania of about 60 million liters every year. And where do these chemical products go? They go on our dinner tables, they go on our soil.
As all of you know, most fruits and vegetables are grown of farms, and on farms, you can expect to find a lot of bugs, some of which have a strong liking for the crops. Farmers cannot afford to lose their crops due to pesky little insects, so instead, some farmers spray chemicals, pesticides, instead of organic pesticides on them which repel the insects. Pesticides can also prevent disease from spreading, so using pesticides lowers the risks of losing one's crop of the season
Now, some of you may be wondering: "Do organic foods have pesticides?" The answer is yes, but these pesticides come from natural sources, such as certain types of plants, and they do not use synthetic pesticides. Organic farmers also tend to spray less pesticides on their produce than other farmers, and the pesticides are less dangerous for the environment. Also, if a product is certified organic, it has to abide by the national standards.
Sebestiano Rao has experimented for years on organic pesticides. If the plants on his small garden in Sanremo, Italy would have to speak, who knows what they would say. “They would probably cry”, he says laughing. It took him 15 years to find a product that would kill any kind of insects and still be healthy for the man, soil and the environment.
“The formula I came up with is not toxic. You can even drink it. It’s not tasty but it does no harm”, he says enthusiastically while speaking about his products Biored, which is a component of garlic, pepper and vegetable oil, and is now been introduced to Albanian farmers.
According to the World of Organic Agriculture - Statistics and Emerging Trends 2015 Report, Albania has 662 hectares of organic land with a share of 0.1% of the total agricultural land. According to the data published referred to 2013, in Albania there are 46 organic producers, 27 processors, 4 importers and 20 exporters. But the organic agricultural land in 2013 increased with 29% compared to 2012.
According to the Minister of Agriculture, Edmond Panariti, Albania has a bright prospective for the growth of organic products as the country has around 200 high potential organic farms. For the consumers it is becoming highly important having a detailed knowledge of the products. That is why they are predisposed to search for products which have been cultivated naturally, have been grown using organic products and have been processed and transported according to the criteria, defined by the responsible institutions.
According to local studies, in our country, the quality of fresh and natural products has decreased. The lack of specialized points of sale for organic products, the lack of rigorous control from the authorities, the lack of information about the consequences of using chemicals during the cultivation and disrespecting rules of hygiene, are the main problematic in our country.
An old Albanian saying says “whatever you plant, that is what you will harvest.” If the local farmers do not become aware of the consequences of their actions and do not follow the right standards to secure safe, qualitative and trustworthy products, very soon they will have to deal with the economic consequences, which will derive from these actions.
The consumers will choose to purchase export products, produced according to the European or international standards. Albanian agriculture will suffer the consequences! Organic is the way to go, not only as we can thrive economically, but also we will suffer from less disease by using chemicals on our soil and eating them at our dinner table. As the Italian researcher Sebastiano Rao put it: “No barren land will yield good crops”./AgroWeb.org/