Harsh winter all over the country. Temperatures below 0 degrees Celsius, cold, snow and frost. These words have prevailed in every conversation lately. While the cold has limited many fields of every day activity, has agriculture suffered from its consequences? According to experts some cultures are indifferent to cold, while others require special attention to be protected. Nevertheless provisions should be taken in any case. Fruit trees in different areas within the country are not endangered from low temperatures, while provisions are needed to be taken in order to secure production in the greenhouses. The productivity of crops like corn and alfalfa might be more endangered.
Cold, no damages in the fruit trees, preventive provisions in the greenhouses
Fruit trees yield is not endangered from low temperatures. According to Mr. Niko Rroshani, professor in the Agricultural University of Korca, in this region, where the main crops are fruit trees, low temperatures have not affected productivity. Professor Rroshani said for agroweb that fruit trees, together with the apple tree, which currently are in a quiet winter phase, are not endangered from low temperatures. While for fruit trees which were planted by the end of the autumn season, extreme lowering of the temperatures can damage the stitches. According to professor Rroshani, in order to alienate the danger of damaging the fruit trees, the process of watering should be very careful, so that the trees are not overwatered. He also said that to these fruit trees should be applied a combined fertilizer system, so that the stitches develop fast to reach a mature and stable phase in the winter.
While the greenhouses production is endangered and requires special attention. Mr. Dhimitraq Qorri, expert in the Directory of Agriculture, in Lushnje said for agroweb that that low temperatures can affect negatively the growth process of new crops in the greenhouses. Yet Mr. Qorri said that the negative effects of low temperatures to the greenhouse yields can be prevented. He said that currently in the greenhouses in the Lushnje area, crops of tomatoes and peppers are in the harvesting and planting process. Preventing provisions which have been taken to secure production have been covering the greenhouses with two plastic layers, which do not allow the temperature to fall under 0 degrees and covering the soil with a black layer of plastic which would absorb more sun rays. Also the use of organic stimulators helps the growth of the plants. According to Mr. Qorri the trees of peaches, apricots and also olives are not endangered from low temperatures.
The low temperatures might be tougher with the yield of corn and alfalfa, which can be endangered from the low temperatures.