The sector of agriculture and services record the highest percentage of employees. The figures published by Statistics Institute, INSTAT, show that in 2016, 50,7 % of labor force are employees in agriculture, forestry and fishery and 17,8 % are clerks and employees of sales and services.
Agriculture remains one of the most potential sectors in Albania. Agriculture as the main source of employment and revenues particularly in the rural areas of the country represents around 20 percent of GDP and constitutes half of employment as a whole.
According to Labour Force Survey estimates, labour force is 1,365 thousand persons. Females account for 43.4 % of the labour force and males 56.6 %. Employed are 1.157 thousand persons, from which females account for 43.8 % and males 56.2 %. The number of unemployed is estimated 208 thousand persons, of which 41 % are females and 59 % of are males.
The labour force participation rate for the population aged 15-64 years old is 66.2 %. For male population aged 15-64, the labour force participation rate is 15.8 percentage points higher than females. The employment rate for the population aged 15-64 years old is 55.9 %.
Employment rate for female is 49.7 % and for males 61.9 %. The gender gap in employment for this age-group is 12.2 percentage points. The agricultural and services sectors have the highest share of employed with respectively 40.2 % and 40.4 % of the total employment.
According to the 2016 survey estimates, it results that 41.2 % of employed are employees, 34.9 % are self-employed (with employees or without employees) and 23.9 % are contributing family workers.
The official unemployment rate, for population 15 years old and over, is 15.2 %. For males, the unemployment rate is 1.5 percentage points higher than females. Compared to 2015, the official unemployment rate decreased with 1.9 percentage points.
Youth (15-29 years old) unemployment rate is 28.9 %, (29.7 % for males and 27.8 % for females). Compared to the previous year, youth unemployment rate has decreased by 4.3 percentage points. Over the year 2016, youth aged 15-29 years old neither in employment nor in education or training account for 30.0 % of all youth population.
In the group of youth aged 15-29 years old neither in employment nor in education or training, 39.2 % are classified as unemployed. The other part is outside the labour force because they are discouraged workers (13.1 %) or fulfilling domestic and family responsibilities (10.0 %) or for other reasons (27.7 %). Regions An analyses by regions, indicate that in 2016, prefectures with the highest employment rate for the population 15-64 years old are: Elbasan (64.5 %), Fier (61.5 %) and Berat (61.5 %).
Prefectures with lowest employment rate are Tirana (50.3 %) and Kukës (50.3 %). For the same population, prefectures with highest unemployment rate are prefectures of Vlora with 25.1 % and Tirana with 19.8 % whereas the lowest rate is noted for the prefecture of Dibra with 8.6 %.
In 2016, in the prefecture of Tirana, employment in agriculture constitute a very small percentage of the total employment (5.4 %). Further, the major part of employed seems to be engaged in the services sector (68.5 %). Industry constitute an important part as well (26.1 %).